Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that starts in one of the reproductive organs. The most common types are: cervical, endometrial (uterine) and ovarian cancer. Each cancer is unique and has different signs, symptoms and risk factors. Women are encouraged to have regular medical exams since treatment is more effective when cancer is found early. Symptoms of uterine cancer may include unusual vaginal bleeding, spotting or discharge, feeling of a mass (tumor) and unexplained weight loss.
Based on the location and stage of the cancer, doctors may suggest removing the uterus and nearby tissues (total hysterectomy), and/or removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Chemotherapy and possibly radiation may also be suggested. For more details on common approaches to surgery for gynecologic cancers, see the “Surgical Options” section that follows.