Pelvic prolapse is a condition that occurs when muscles and ligaments that support a woman’s pelvic organs weaken. As a result, these organs (uterus, vagina, cervix, bladder, urethra, or rectum) slip from their normal position.
Severe uterine prolapse can cause part of the uterus to slip into the vagina. This may cause the upper part of the vagina to sag into the vaginal canal or outside the vagina. Some women with pelvic prolapse have no symptoms. Others may experience a feeling of sitting on a ball, pulling in the pelvis, pelvic or abdominal pain, painful intercourse, tissue slipping outside the vagina, bladder infections, vaginal bleeding, unusual discharge, constipation or frequent urination.
Some non-surgical treatments for pelvic prolapse may include kegel exercises and/or a vaginal pessary (device to support pelvic area). Surgery for pelvic prolapse is called a sacrocolpopexy. During the procedure, surgical mesh is used to hold the affected organ(s) in their natural position. For more details on common approaches to surgery for pelvic prolapse, see the “Surgical Options” section that follows .